Effects of sleep disorders on your health
Taking good, sound sleep is essential for optimal health. It helps you stay healthy and make the body function properly. If not getting enough quality sleep, it can affect your physical and mental health.
Sleep disorders refer to conditions that disrupt your normal sleep patterns, causing fatigue, difficulty breathing, or unusual behaviours. There are over 80 different sleep disorders. Some major sleep problems include insomnia, sleep deprivation, snoring, and sleep apnea.
If not treated, Sleep disorders can affect your body function work normally and it may also be resulting to development of some serious health issues like obesity, diabetes and heart disease.
Common sleep disorders and how they affect your health
Insomnia is a sleep disorder in which people experience difficulty staying asleep. People with this disorder have one or more of the symptoms, including:
Insomnia can be short-term (acute insomnia) or can last a long time (chronic insomnia). Acute insomnia can last from one night to a few weeks. Chronic insomnia can last for at least three nights a week for a month or longer.
The causes of short-term insomnia are life stresses (job loss or change, death of a loved one), an illness, or environmental factors such as light, noise, or extreme temperatures. Long-term insomnia can be caused due to depression, chronic stress and pain at night.
2. Sleep Apnea
Sleep apnea is a sleep disorder that arises when breathing is interrupted while taking sleep. If left untreated, stop breathing repeatedly during their sleep.
There are two different types of sleep apnea: obstructive and central.
Parasomnias refers to a group of sleep disorders that involve unwanted experiences that occur while you are sleeping. It includes abnormal movements, behaviours, or dreams. All those behaviours you do while remaining asleep during the event and have no memory associated with that behaviour or event.
People with this disorder don’t sleep throughout the night. Sleepwalking, night terrors, sleep eating, sleep paralysis (unable to move your body), nightmares and other parasomnias cause abnormal behaviours during sleep.
This sleep disorder can lead to risky behaviours, injuries, fatigue, weight gain, and more.
4. Restless legs syndrome
Restless legs syndrome is a condition that triggers an uncontrollable desire to move your legs, usually due to an uncomfortable sensation. Its symptoms include burning, tingling, and aches in the legs and it occur usually at night. In the long run, it may lead to fatigue, depression, and weakened mental functioning.
Diagnosis & Treatment for sleep disorders
For a proper diagnosis and treatment of any of the sleep disorder, you need to consult with a doctor. Treatment for sleep disorders depend on the underlying cause.
Medical treatment for sleep disorder may include:
Make some lifestyle adjustments help enhance quality of sleep. You may consider the following: